To erect the temple of the Supernals there must be a foundation in fact. Failure to recognize this can result only in futility. It is the purpose of this paper to examine the present possibilities for the establishment of the Thelemic order as a force. In order to do so we must first determine those potentialities and trends inherent in the present day world of economics.
Economics encompasses in broad scope all those factors of mundane existence that form the foundation of our social structures. It is the essence of utility, as Magick is the essence of dreams. In our analysis we must take note of the two basic forms of economics – these are the Economics of Scarcity and the Economics of Abundance. All phenomena relating to the manner of living of a people may be referred to one of these as criterion. As such it is necessary that these terms be defined: The Economics of Scarcity is defined as that condition wherein the human machine must perform the bulk of the work required to maintain the existence of society as a whole. The Economics of Abundance is defined as that condition wherein at least ninety per cent of the work required to maintain a social system is performed by energy energy extraneous to the human body. There are many gradations of working economies that will be found to be in-between states of one of these. The present day trend is from Scarcity to Abundance. I say trend because an Economics of Abundance is not at the moment a fact; nor has it ever existed. This is not to say that isolated groups have not always enjoyed the abundance available – our cultural heritage could not have been carried on without it. This trickle of limited abundance to those of privilege, however, is not to be confused with the flood tide of abundance that will shortly be available – nor are the results of the one to be confused with the possibilities of the other. We thus find ourselves faced with the necessity of examining two questions in order to clarify the dynamics by which an equilibrium of balanced forces between the mundane and the supernal may be sup and maintained. These questions are, (1) what foundation in mundane fact best supports the Supernal Hierarchy, (2) in what manner will the Supernal Hierarchy best be able to reciprocate and enlighten the mundane. Being reciprocal upon each other these two questions are at the same time one – and as the answer is the completion of the Great Work upon Earth it is also the symbol of the Universe.
What foundation in mundane best supports the Supernal Hierarchy? For answer we refer to Liber AL and quote “Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law”. The best support of the supernal by the mundane, therefore, is a condition wherein it is a natural function for the mundane to do its Will in accord with supernal law. In order that this may be true it is therefore necessary that there exist a state of economics whose every impact upon the lives of those to whom it ministers will be of such a nature as to encourage them in the fulfillment of their basic Will. In other words a social structure so designed as to produce, and give every encouragement to, the maximum number of the best instruments possible. In analogy this may be compared to that technique of American industry known as the “straight line process”. This method of producing goods combines all the operations necessary to process a product, from raw material to finished article in one machine. The impetus is the unidirectional and the method highly efficient. The comparison is, of course, merely superficial. The object is to indicate the harmony that it is possible to attain in any given process with correct design. The question of design in economics is important because of the effect any given economic system has on the thought trends of those who live in it. In primitive society we have the first form of religion which is demon worship, or the placating of a malignant Nature. This has been brought to an advanced state of philosophy in the Oriental, and agrarian, nations. The emergence of the White School of Magick came only when the tools of agriculture had developed sufficiently to enable a limited abundance to be produced. There might still be evil spirits in Nature, but at least there was something to be thankful for. The Yellow School has existed from the time it was realized that Man is merely another part of the universe – and should be regarded as such. It is dependent upon no particular set of economics because its Adepts have removed themselves from the human mass. The White and the Black Schools, however, being products of mass consciousness are directly affected by economic trends. Christianity is a case in point. This religion is based on a White doctrine – the transmuting of that which is base into that which is celestial, which should teach us that Existence is pure joy – a doctrine capable of popular support under certain ideal conditions. It has been capable of being carried on as such, however, only by Initiates. Once popularized it fell by necessity into the province of the prevailing economics of scarcity – and the unidirectional trend of scarcity is to take the joy out of existence. That which was necessary became that which was moral, that which was pure became that which was corrupt. On the other hand the unidirectional trend of abundance, as shown in those instances where a fairly large group has had access to same, is to make existence a joy. Once this root cause is established firmly, the emergence of the White doctrine becomes a natural function and the pure promptings of the soul are free to express themselves. Such a foundation in mundane fact would best support the Supernal Hierarchy.
In what manner will the Supernal Hierarchy best be able to reciprocate and enlighten the mundane? Again we turn to Liber AL and this time quote “Love is the law, love under will”. The word of the Law is Thelema. Will. Let us examine the manner in which this Will is best transmitted from the Supernals to the mundane. To do so we must analyze the possibilities of this abundance we have been speaking of. This, of course, is speaking only of the popular manner and is not construed as applying to the higher Initiation. In this we must remember the statement made earlier concerning the application of extraneous energy to the social structure. Increase in extraneous energy means a decrease in man-hours of labor in a far greater than direct ratio. This is our primary consideration. We have the alternative of a small percentage of the population being employed full time or most of the population working a small amount of the time. The second is the better procedure except in emergencies such as war. Under normal circumstances, however, the population will have the bulk of time on their hands as leisure. Those who wish can have all their time as leisure. The reason for this may not be obvious so I will elaborate. Once an abundance is established within a specified status quo of the population the system of distribution of those goods and services need make no distinction between persons. The distribution, just as the Law is for all. It is far simpler and less wasteful of manpower to plan on providing each citizen with an abundance than to complicate the distribution with varying degrees of “worthiness”. For instance ,a man refuses to work. Would this deprive him of his equitable distribution? Not at all. It must be remembered that manual labor is by far the most wasteful method of doing work, from a viewpoint of energy consumption, as well as the slowest. Manual labor in industry is to be discouraged – it slows down the production too much. But how will industry be maintained if no one is forced to work? The answer is a matter of initiative replacing incentive. In such a set-up there can only be two methods of achieving prominence. One is by entering into competition for those positions available in industry and government – the other is by achieving distinction as a leader in some field of thought or research such as science, literature, philosophy, religion, etc. More of it later. At the moment we are interested in the impact of leisure and abundance on the thought processes of a mass. The result is to accentuate the individualities of those who compose the “mass”.
In “The Book of the Law” it is said “Let my servants be few and secret”. This is so now and would continue to be so for the simple reason that few people have both the initiative and ability necessary to go into the subject deeply. This does not mean , however, that there cannot be a favorable attitude to and support of same by the general population. The impetus engendered by leisure and abundance would be in this direction. Abundance frees the mind from what have been the necessities of mundane existence, “making a living”, etc, and leaves it undistorted. Leisure provides the necessary time in which to utilize this freedom. Acceptance of the Law is not necessarily automatic – it is merely the obstacles to the acceptance of same that have been removed. The ground is thus prepared. The work of presenting Thelema remains to be done. That religion which postulates “The poor will always be with us” no longer has a foundation. The concept that the Will of the Individual is the most important consideration possible has a fertile field. Under such a condition would the Supernal Hierarchy best be able to reciprocate and enlighten the mundane.
Having investigated the two basic questions it is now left to determine the feasibility of an Economy of Abundance emerging during the present aeon; also we may deal at greater length with the consequences of such an occurrence. In “The Book of the Law” it is written “Also reason is a lie; for there is a factor infinite & unknown; & all their words are skew-wise”. It is this factor, infinite and unknown, that places uncertainty upon any interpretation of trends. Nevertheless, we shall presently see if our interpretation is justified. To gain a proper overall perspective of the present economic trend towards abundance we must briefly review economic history. This may be condensed very simply as follows – during the entire course of human history up until the time of the industrial revolution there was one basic engine for doing work – the human engine. The extraneous energy of tamed animals, water wheels, windmills, etc accounted for approximately two percent of all work done. With the introduction of the thermal dynamics in the form of coal and petroleum there came about the well termed “Industrial Revolution”. Once this was established it became an axiom that “Machine tools are the instruments of social change”. The root of this lies in the fact that more work can be done more cheaply by machines than by men – which is the root cause of industrial unemployment. Now it has been argued that industrialization does not cause unemployment because more jobs are created thereby. This is true only in the first phase of the plant expansion curve. During the initial industrialization of any given area the labor and capital needed in plant construction and consumer exploitation of any given area does provide more jobs than are eliminated. Once this critical phase is passed, however, this argument no longer holds true. Not only is there a tapering off of plant construction, but we have also rapid advances in technology whereby smaller plants are able to produce more goods with less labor. We have here the basic factor which undermines both labor and capital. Labor is undermined because from the inflection point forward the more machines there are installed the less employment there will be. This is born out by the following example of a highly industrialized nation. From the United Sates Statistical Abstract we quote the following:
Year Production Man-hours expended
1919 100% 29 Billion
1929 129% 22 “
1932 100% 14 “
1937 159% 11 “
1939 160% 8.8 “
The peak of industrial employment in the United States, prior to the present war, was in 1919 and not 1929 as popularly supposed. Capitol is undermined in the following manner. Industrialization is a virile force in economics as long as there is an expansion of plant capacity – this is true not only because of the additional employment offered (not forgetting that with advanced technology one new plant can turn out the produce of several obsolete plants with less labor) but because as long as there is a new plant to be constructed there is opportunity for capital and investment. When there is opportunity for investment there is demand for capital; when capital is in demand there is a high interest rate – the wages of capital. Once the inflection point is reached the entire system becomes senile. There will be new plants built until the saturation point is reached, but it will be a tapering off process. This is fatal. As less plants are being built there is less demand for capital. Capital, therefore, becomes a surplus on the market. Being a surplus the amount it can demand as wage decreases – in the competition between those who have capital for the dwindling amount of investment available, the interest rate must undergo a progressive decline. Again we may refer to the United States for example. During the industrial growth of the nation plant expansion was at such a rate to give basis for considering 5 to 6% interest as normal. Once the inflection point was reached, however, there was a steady decline until by the time the United States began supplying the United Nations with Lend-Lease, the interest rate for new capital had become a fraction of a percent. War expansion is a temporary measure and has no effect upon the long term trend. With capital a surplus and interest negligible those institutions that depend on investment for income become endangered. Thus banks and insurance companies, (with most of their assets liquid), endowed institutions, and the “vested” interests in general face bankruptcy through loss of income.
With the progressive ruin of labor and the cumulative bankruptcy of capital it is inevitable that, sooner or later, a crisis ensue. A series of such have occurred. This type of crisis is to be differentiated from the “financial panic” type which may be manipulated through monetary control. There is financial panic as well as general unemployment in such a circumstance, but the cause is different. The cause lies in the unidirectional trend inherent in industrial economics once the inflection point is reached. This trend is the previously expounded paradox that the more goods there are produced, the less labor will be needed and the more machines there are installed the less plants will be in use. It is the advance in technology that makes this paradox a fact. In the United States we have had three depressions attributable to this cause. The dates are 1900, 1920, and 1929. Depressions of similar nature have affected the other nations of the Western world. It is thought provoking to compare the economics of the Eastern world in this respect, at approximately the same dates, but in no other country has the cause and effect been so well illustrated. The reason is that the United States of America has the highest rate of consumption of extraneous energy per capita of any nation on earth. Being the most advanced industrially and therefore the best example of technology applied to economics, it is the testing ground on which present day concepts of private enterprise will either be proven or dis-proven. In this respect it might well be pointed out that the primary reason why industrial North America lagged behind the rest of the world in recovering from the 1929 depression was this advanced stage of technology. One more illustration should conclude this argument. As previously mentioned the high point of industrial labor was reached in 1919. As a consequence there was a depression in 1920. Consumer exploitation had reached a high stage of development by then, however, and capital while entering upon the senile stage, was still in the prime of its maturity. It was, therefore, not difficult to introduce a few devices of paper credit and carry on “business as usual”. One of these devices was installment buying whereby the dwindling purchasing power of a wage earner could be mortgaged to future commitments. Another was the expansion of service facilities to the saturation point. Perhaps the most important was the creation of paper credit on the stock market whereby the values of existing plants were greatly exaggerated. This was possible only as long as there was confidence in the soundness of business – as was well illustrated in the manner by which this “paper house” fell apart. The watering process having reached a saturation point, it remained only for a few of the larger operators to sell out – when this happened there was a general tendency to tighten up. Once this happened the smaller operators and stockholders lost confidence and there was a panic to sell. Had this stock been on a sound basis this would have resulted in only a minor fluctuation. Being mostly paper, however, the result was a crash right down to the foundation. Once a modern industrial depression is under way it moves in a vicious spiral and competition becomes the death of trade. Competition demands lower prices, lower prices demand lower costs, lower costs demand more efficient machines, more efficient machines cause more unemployment, resulting in loss of purchasing power, less purchasing power demands lower prices and down the spiral goes. In this we have our crisis.
It thus having been shown that industry cannot expand indefinitely, and that when it ceases to expand it dies a natural death, there remains only to be shown at what stage this is most likely to come about, what real and terrible dangers there are involved and the only possible solution other than a state of chaos. This stage will come about when the declining curve of wages and interest rate can no longer support the industrial machine even when subsidized by the Federal government. This last is very important. In 1920 industry had sufficient capital to finance its on recovery. In 1930 this was no longer the case and it therefore became necessary for the National Treasury to finance not only the wage earner with unemployment compensation, but also to subsidize industry and farming with loans and financial backing from many different types of alphabetical agencies. When this subsidy was partly withdrawn in `1937 we had a “recession”. the dangers involved are both very real and very terrible. The life of every American citizen depends upon the continued and uninterrupted flow of that extraneous energy which makes it possible to support 130,000,000 people in an area that was capable of supporting only a few thousand Indians. That more white men were able to support themselves by farming does not apply to the present day because our 130,000,000 people do not support themselves by agriculture. It imust be realized that, that which was a fact 100 years ago is not necessarily a fact today. The situation is rapidly approaching saturation – when this point is reached many things will happen at once. Unemployment will have reached a new peak, all business will be stagnant and the National debt will be astronomical. This has happened before without fatal consequences – what makes this so special? It is special because those depressions that have proceeded it were on a smaller scale and the government cannot this time finance another recovery without disastrous inflation. With or without inflation the result will be the same. Power plants and the transportation firms may be kept operating by troops if necessary, but 20,000,000 or more unemployed and their dependents cannot be kept docile many years without confidence. Not in America. Confidence in business has been shattered once and will be again. Confidence in government will be when it has been shown that government can no longer deal with the situation. The civil disorder that will then arise from the panic of desperation and fear will engulf the forces of law and order. Every type of violence from the hi-jacking of food convoys to the destruction of vital installations by unreasoning mobs. Inflation would only quicken and increase the catastrophe. Such is the inevitable dead end of any nation that commits itself to such a high rate of energy consumption unless there is a change in the operating procedure. It has been said that the Communist Revolution in Russia was such a change. This is not true because Czarist Russia was not industrial. Not can there be a Communist Revolution in America because such a revolution would entail exactly what we have been speaking of – chaos. The paralyzing of all energy transmission. Once the industrial machine is stopped dead center it can only be started again by building up gradually as has been the case in all industrial nations. This takes years and the bulk of our population would have either starved or been killed by mob action. Nor can the Fascist State be the answer. If such a governmental control did seize power it could prolong the issue a few years through war, but the end result would be the same.
Now having made an analysis of our problem it is only left to form a synthesis of that which must be done to correct it, discuss the methods by which it may be applied and determine whether or not it has the desired bearing on the topic under consideration: the erection of the Temple of the Supernals in a foundation of material fact. As previously pointed out it is the loss of purchasing power and unemployment that brings the crisis to a head – and yet we have all the facilities necessary for the producing of an abundance. The answer is to devise a method by which this abundance may be distributed to the individual. The only equitable basis of distribution is the citizenship of the individual concerned. Such a system may be instituted by a national election. Will this have the desired result? the answer is that it will – but to complete the paper it will be necessary to determine the reasons therefore. The mechanism of government whereby a system of distribution may function must be set up along the following general outline. There must be a board of scientists whose task will be to determine the energy needs of the nation for allotted periods of time. Election to this board must only come through the ranks of the industries they represent. The method of doing same is the selection of candidates from immediately below a position and the appointment of one of those to fill the position by the executive immediately above. By these two tests are initiative and ability brought to their highest degree. Also government is non-political. It being possible to become a success only through the limited number of industrial positions the competition will be terrific. At the same time those to whom the seeking of knowledge through science, religion, philosophy, the arts, etc, is more important are given every freedom and every encouragement. Educational facilities, unhampered by lack of funds, can be expanded to the saturation point. The great middle section which is not ambitious or talented will find their hobby or pleasure somewhere in this vast program of educating the American people for living. Through this freedom and encouragement research in all fields of knowledge will receive and unprecedented impetus. It is true that not every potato farmer has the brains to rise to this level – but a surprisingly large number have. the kings would still be kings, the dogs would still be dogs – but the plane of existence will have been raised far beyond any heights we know of today. this is the end product in the evolution of economized government. In America it is ready to be tested. Our task is to attend this birth with skill and fortitude. Thus IO proclaim the Era of Abundance in the Aeon of Horus, the Crowned and Conquering Child, whereby the glory of the stars will be brought into the hearts of men and the winged secret flame shall wed the stooping starlight.
To erect the Temple of the Supernals there must be a foundation in fact. Failure to recognize this can result only in futility. It is the purpose of this paper to examine the present possibilities for the establishment of the Thelemic Order as a force; in order to do so we must first determine those potentialities and trends inherent in the present day world of economics.
Economics encompasses in broad scope all those factors of mundane existence that form the foundation of any social structure. It is the essence of utility, as Magick is the essence of creative dreams. In our analysis we must take note of the two forms of economics – these are: the Economics of Scarcity, and the Economics of Abundance. All phenomena relating to the manner of living of a people may be referred to one of these as criterion.
Any social system that evaluates its goods and services on a basis of human labor may be defined as operating under an Economy of Scarcity. The reason therefore: A human being at his best can only do work at the rate of one-tenth of a horsepower. To achieve this work rate he must consume, for an average population of young and old, about 2,300 kilogram-calories per person per day. Prior to the extensive use of fossil fuels his extraneous energy consumption was – fuel, approximately 400 kilogram-calories per capita per day (average for all climates) and one domestic animal for every five people, providing an additional 1,600 kilogram-calories per person per day. This was only about 2,000 kilogram-calories per capita per day of extraneous energy – or a total energy consumption of approximately 5,300 kilogram-calories per capita per day. This is important for one reason only – it is the root-basis of the entire economic structure upon which our social concepts are founded.
Any social system that bases the distribution of its goods and services on a high order of energy conversion may be defined as operating under an Economy of Abundance. To distribute goods and services on the basis of energy conversion is to totally disregard the contribution of human labor to the industrial machine because, when dealing in the range of energy consumption at the rate of 150,000 to 200,000 kilogram-calories per capita per day and up, the value of an extra one-tenth of a horsepower one way or the other is lost in the decimal places. Once this situation is obtained there can only be one feasible method of distribution – and that is to acknowledge that each individual is entitled to his equitable share of the abundance. The state exists for the benefit of the citizen. This abundance is no niggardly thing but a flood of goods that can bury, smother, and overwhelm the ability of the individual to consume. Any attempt to determine the “worthiness” of a person to receive this abundance based upon his ability to work merely confuses the issue. If an individual is socially undesirable he is the responsibility of the sequence of Education, and certainly any citizen who is socially desirable is entitled to his equitable share of the wealth of the wealth of the nation.
The present day trend is from Scarcity to Abundance. I say trend because an Economics of Abundance is not at the moment a fact; nor has it ever existed. This is not to say that isolated groups have not always enjoyed the abundance available – our cultural heritage could not have been carried on without it. This trickle of limited abundance to those of privilege, however, is not to be confused with the flood tide of abundance that is now potential – nor are the results of the one to be confused with the possibilities of the other.
The above is of interest because it forms the basis for determining one half of our closed system – that foundation in mundane fact which best supports the Supernal Hierarchy. The other half of the equation is – in what manner will the Supernal Hierarchy best be able to reciprocate and enlighten the mundane. Speaking less dispassionately we might say – the soul of Man aspires in its innocence and purity unto the spirit of the Universe, and the Universal Sprit in turn reaches down a guiding hand to help it on the dark journey. In this respect our task is to determine those conditions of mundane existence best suited for the full development of each individual Will, and conversely how this Will may best be helped by the Gods of the Aeon. Once having determined the conditions necessary to fulfill such a hypothetical case, we may ascertain whether or not such conditions are apt to become manifest and, if so, when and where.
The best support of the supernal by the mundane is a condition wherein it is a natural function for the mundane to do its Will in accord with supernal law. In order that this may be true it is therefore necessary that there exist a state of economics whose every impact upon the lives of those to whom it ministers will be of such a nature as to encourage them in the fulfillment of their basic Will. In other words a social structure so designed as to produce, and give every encouragement to, the maximum number of the best instruments possible. In analogy this may be compared to that technique of American industry known as the “straight line process.” This method of producing goods combines all of the operations necessary to process a product, from raw material to finished article, in one machine. The impetus is thus unidirectional and the method highly efficient. The comparison is, of course, merely superficial. The object is to indicate the harmony that it is possible to attain in any given process with correct design. The question of design in economics is important because of the effect any given economic system has on the thought trends of those who live in it. In primitive society we have the fist form of religion which is demon worship, or the placating of a malignant Nature. This has been brought to an advanced state of philosophy in the Oriental, and agrarian, nations. The emergence of the White School of Magick came only when the tools of agriculture had developed sufficiently to enable a limited abundance to be produced. There might still be evil spirits in Nature but at least there was something to be thankful for. The Yellow School has existed from the time it was realized that Man is merely another part of the universe – and should be regarded as such. It is dependent upon no particular set of economics because its adepts have removed themselves from the human mass. The White and the Black Schools, however, being products of mass consciousness, are directly affected by economic trends. Christianity is a case in point. This religion is based on the White doctrine – the transmuting of that which is base into that which is celestial, which should teach us that “Existence is pure joy” – a doctrine capable of popular support under certain ideal conditions. It has been capable of being carried on as such, however, only by initiates. Once popularized it fell by necessity into the province of the prevailing economics of scarcity – and the unidirectional trend of scarcity is to take the joy out of existence. That which was necessary became that which was moral, that which was pure became that which was corrupt. On the other hand the unidirectional trend of abundance, as shown in those instances where a fairly large group has had access to a limited amount, is to make existence a joy. Once this root-cause is established firmly the emergence of the White doctrine becomes a natural function and the pure promptings of the soul are free to express themselves. Such a foundation in mundane fact would best support the Supernal Hierarchy. “Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.”
In determining those means by which the Supernals guide the mundane it is well to consider that symbology involved in the concept of the microcosm and the macrocosm. Each is thought to be a universe in itself – the smaller being a mirror of the larger and the larger being a magnification of the smaller. Both exist by the same laws – each is dependent on the other. Similarly the “Will” of the individual and the “Cosmos” of the universe – both abide within the laws of one nature. There is this difference, however, in degree – the Cosmos moves serenely on, unmolested by artificial interference; whereas an individual Will, being infinitely small in comparison, is subject to the tyranny of conflicting forces artificially created. Well has it been said that he word of Sin is Restriction”. Restriction of thought, restriction of speech, restriction of movement, restriction of worship, and that vast body of restrictions which are seldom thought of as such – the restrictions of dress, manners, habits – yes even unto which fork to use. These latter are small items – but strictly prescribed. And woe betide the mustang who does not conform. There is a very good reason for them – and it is tilting at windmills to try and change the ways of a people without removing the reason for those ways. Our ways, and the social concepts that we have inherited, are founded on the Economics of Scarcity. That is not an indictment, but merely a statement of fact. Knowing nothing but scarcity from the earliest days of primordial human thought, there was no other basis on which to found them. Instant: the institution of marriage in its many forms. There has been a good deal sincere, but misdirected talk advocating the loosening of the moral standard as we know it. There is a reason for that standard under an Economy of Scarcity – the dependence of the female upon the male for economic security. To qualify for that security must conform to, i.e., be restricted by, the prevalent social concepts – and those concepts were founded in the days when the only insurance available was man’s children. The man with the most stalwart sons more often survived in the struggle for existence. Observing this long term trend, and only those who survived could observe it, that which was necessary was found good and pronounced to be moral. And yet this talk is misdirected only in that it fails to apprehend the nature of the problem. Given a different basis of economy we will have different social concepts. This is strikingly illustrated when we consider the effect of an abundance upon the actions of a people. We begin with an entirely new basis – the distribution of goods and services on a high order of energy conversion. From this we derive that each individual has more of the necessities of life than he can possibly consume and – the leisure in which to enjoy them. The problem of education for living would be greatly enlarged. Competition for those industrial positions available, being the only means of achieving “success would be cut-throat. The female of the species, finding themselves economically independent, might decide to take drastic action in the line of marriage reform. On the other hand they might not. The point is that the reason for the restrictions of convention will have been removed. To keep this new found freedom on the high plane of “Love under will” and to prevent it from degenerating into “love under whimsy’ with the consequent impotence of satiety, may well be the supreme test by which the Law of Thelema will stand or fall. If we fail we will become decadent and follow the great nations of the past into oblivion. If we succeed, we will set a new high water mark for civilization. Leisure, freedom of thought, and the unlimited resources and facilities would give art, letters and the sciences, in all their forms, an unprecedented impetus removing, as it does, the limitations of human endeavor. Such action can have only one interpretation – it would give each individual every encouragement to follow his or her true Will. Under such a condition would the Supernal Hierarchy best be able to reciprocate and enlighten the mundane. “Love is the law, love under will.”
Having determined that the foundation in mundane fact which best supports the Supernal Hierarchy, we must now determine if such a condition is within the realms of probability and, if so, when and where it may come about. To do so we must examine this “high order of energy conversion”, and how and where it has come about. The expansion of plant capacity in the industrial nations of the world tended to grow at a compound interest rate for many years after the Industrial Revolution. In the United States of North America this growth averaged out at approximately 7% per annum for long enough to give the impression that such expansion was normal for the course of events, and that is was “sound” business. As a matter of fact, it was sound business – while it lasted. Unfortunately, for the sound businessman, it is impossible for any physical quantity to increase indefinitely – and increase at a compound interest rate. It can only last for a few years at best. There must come an inflection point – a time when the expansion curve begins to level off – when plan capacity approaches the level of maximum market. In the United States this inflection point occurred in pig iron production about the year 1905; in railroad trackage about 1885; in railroad freight haulage about 1910; in automobile production, a “new” industry, about 1921; and in all energy about 1912. The other industrial nations followed a similar pattern. From an overall standpoint of energy in human history we may make these observations: From our beginning until 1745 Man lived by converting a few kilogram-calories of energy per capita per day. Following the introduction of better energy-conversion technique there was a experienced an industrial growth approximating the theoretical growth curve of a 7% compound interest rate per annum. This industrial growth curve has experienced the inevitable inflection point and is now leveling off. This is a perfectly natural physical phenomenon – but our inherited concepts of economic laws will give us little help in solving the problems it creates. To begin with it must be realized that such a situation has never before existed. Politics, religion, ideologies of all kinds have risen and fallen – but the rules of economic behavior have never changed. They couldn’t. There was only one common denominator for energy conversion – the human engine. This engine supplied at least 90% of all work performed. Now we have an exactly opposite situation. Extraneous energy performs at least 90% of all work performed. In other nations to a lesser degree according to their extent of energy degradation. This reversal of the economic structure has its consequence in the disruption of our ways of life.
When both Labor and Capital are gainfully employed an industrial economy is sound. When neither Labor nor capital can be gainfully employed an industrial economy is unsound. From the beginning of industrial expansion to the inflection point an industrial economy is a vigorous, aggressive force. Once past the inflection point, however, it becomes senile even in the strength of its maturity. The reason for this is in the twofold undermining of both Capital and Labor. Labor is undermined through loss of purchasing power; Capital is undermined through loss of investment opportunity.
The loss of purchasing power is brought about by that paradox of modern industry – the production of more goods for less labor. The man-hours of labor also follow the growth curve on industrial expansion – up to a certain point. That point is reached when the advance of technology has increased the efficiency of the industrial machine to such an extant that more jobs are eliminated than are created by continued plant expansion For American industry, man-hours of labor reached their peak about 1920. Prior to that date it was entirely correct to state that the creation of new industries and the expansion of old ones increased the annual hours of employment; subsequent to that date it is entirely incorrect to make the same statement.
The loss of investment opportunity comes with a leveling off of the plant expansion growth curve. As the industrial machine reaches maturity less and less plants are built – thus reducing opportunity for new investment. The wage of capital is interest and capital, finding itself in competition for the dwindling amount of investment possible, must suffer a progressive lowering of its price. In the United States this was manifested by a lowering of the interest rate for new investment from upwards of 5% per annum in 1929 to a fraction of a percent per annum in 1940. Thus banks and insurance companies, with most of their assets liquid, endowed institutions and the vested interests in general, face bankruptcy through loss of income.
It is the loss of purchasing power and the bankruptcy of capital that will make a change in operating technique imperative.
The loss of purchasing power and the bankruptcy of capital are the direct causes of the modern industrial depression. We have had three depressions in the United States attributable to them. The dates are – 1908, 1921 and 1930. In measuring the amplitude of industrial shutdown we find that each depression has been approximately 30% more complete than the last. Our figures are these: the shutdown for 1908 was 38%; for 1921 it was 57%; for 1930 it was 79%. It is extremely doubtful if a closely integrated, high speed industrial machine such as ours can withstand the impact of the 98% shutdown predicted for the next depression by this trend – and yet that is exactly what we are facing in America. Our industrial plant was capable of supporting us, at full load factor, without enlargement in 1919 and we have been installing more efficient machinery ever since. During the present conflict we have been able to wage two wars successfully and at the same time turn out more production than any other nation on earth. We have been able to do this because of our superior energy-conversion technique – but where are we to find jobs for our returning armies? And where will we invest our capital when we already have enough plant to supply not only our own needs but those of our world markets? The answer is that it is not possible. Shortly after the close of the present war we will enter a final stage of economic crises – and we will carry the monetary systems of the rest of the world with us into depression. This will be the inevitable outcome of the present economic trends – unless we change our method of operating to conform to the technological operating requirements of a high energy civilization.
The transition from an Economy of Scarcity to an Economy of Abundance can most easily be accomplished by a national referendum – in the United States. For it must never be forgotten that the United States of North America is the only nation on earth today whose rate of energy conversion can sustain an Economy of Abundance. The fact that we will have the decision forced upon us by the pressure of events only confirms the extent to which we have committed ourselves to the use of extraneous energy. Other nations may in time join us – but not until their rate of energy conversion per capita can support such an economy.
This has attempted to give a scientifically measured evaluation of evolution in economics. That as a consequence of this evolution our concepts of right and wrong, moral and immoral, truth and untruth, will change is of utmost importance to us. Its primary importance is that we may understand and be able to control the universe in which we live. Its secondary importance is that we may be able to intelligently plan the future – for our immortality on earth is carried on through our children and their children’s children and it is only intelligent self interest to insure our own future welfare.
The establishment of an Economy of Abundance will be that foundation in fact upon which we may build the Temple of the Supernals. This will not necessarily be an easy task – only the obstacles have been removed – the work of building remains to be done. We must bring the spark of enlightenment to the tinder of understanding – for with freedom of thought and action will come mental unrest. Religion will no longer suffice – living a life that encourages them at every step to do their own Will they will instinctively sense that they are a part of the concourse of heaven, that every man and every woman is a star. Our task will be to crystallize their thoughts into words, their words into actions, and their actions into that philosophy of life whose ultimate end is in the conquest of the frontiers of the mind. But enough of disinterested speculation – I proclaim the Era of Abundance in the Aeon of Horus, the Crown and Conquering Child! Let us gird ourselves for the struggle and go forth with good heart. The word of the Law is Thelema! – as handed down by the Supernals through the prophet of the Lovely Star at the Equinox of the Gods.
“———-the long night wherein iniquity
Against the self held sway has been replaced!
Arise my children and awake – nor fear –
The Aeon of the Crown’ed Child is here!”
So let us to the joyous battle! Here is the fulfillment of the age old dream of human brotherhood. Here is the completion of the Great Work upon Earth. Here may all men come to the understanding of Light, Life, Love and Liberty. Hail and farewell – ye voyagers on the oceans of eternity.
Ab Origine Ad Finem
Some Notes on Energy
extraneous energy – energy external to the human body, i.e., derived from fossil fuels, hydro-electric power, etc.
energy conversion – the use for an engine to transform energy into work
energy degradation – the dissipation of energy as it does work; used in the sense that all engines convert energy from a higher to a lower order as they do work and in relation to their efficiency – thus the sum total of energy degraded in the manufacture and distribution of goods and services is the basis of determining our per capita consumption of extraneous energy.
distribution on basis of energy – issue of non-negotiable credits based on the per capita of energy degradation
full load factor – operation of plant on a 24 hour day basis with allowance for time spent on maintenance.
plant – industrial equipment
1745 – significant date in the history of energy conversion. It was at about this time that fossil fuels became of technological importance with the union of coal (roasted into coke) and iron in England.
the human engine – has a very low efficiency rating as an energy converter due to its continual degradation of energy even though no work is being done. A strong man, working a 10 hour day over a period of time, will seldom average more than 2,000,000 ft. lbs. of work per day, which is one-tenth of a horsepower. The heat-value equivalent of this is computed as follows: we know that 777.97 ft. lbs. of work will produce 1 British thermal unit of heat, which is equal to 0.25198 kilogram-calories. Our equation will then be
777.97 ft. lbs. = 0.25198 kilogram-calories
2,000,000 ft. lbs. x kilogram-calories
or x = 648.02 kilogram-calories of energy used for work. As it will necessitate at least 5000 kilogram-calories of food-energy to produce this work then our efficiency will be something like 12.96% – while working. It may be possible to achieve 25% efficiency but only for short intervals. From an overall standpoint of human efficiency in doing work we must add in the rest periods of the “strong man” and tack on the time of the young, the old, and all those who do not work so that actually the amount of energy converted per capita is very small indeed. On the other hand the energy requirements in the form of food remain with us at all times; which is one reason why a farmer and his sons rise early. Another consideration. One kilowatt-hour will do 2,655,180 ft. lbs. of work. It may be purchased, at industrial rates, for a few cents or less. It will do more work in an hour than a man can do in a day – which at a bare subsistence wage of 25 cents an hour would cost $2.50. Because of its cheapness it hastens the installation of more efficient machinery until the purchasing power can no longer be maintained. Because the purchasing power can no longer be maintained it hastens the installation of more efficient machinery in order that operating costs may be reduced and the manufacturer can meet competition. This could be termed a vicious circle except that the trend is unidirectional. And irreversible. And of rather obvious social consequence.
I wish to thank Ed Wormuth and wife for making this page possible.